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| March 11, 2016

Consider the following business that you could easily create: a business that teaches individuals in a non-U.S. country to speak English. While this business is very basic, it still requires the same type of decisions faced by large MNCs. Assume that you initially establish this business in Mexico.


Details of Your Business. You live in the U.S. You invested $60,000 to establish a business of a language school called EI (Escuela de Ingles) in Mexico City, Mexico. You hire local individuals in Mexico who can speak English and train others how to speak English. You have a small subsidiary in Mexico, which has an office and an attached classroom that you lease. Clients can come to your subsidiary for a 1-month structured course in English, taught by your employees. You advertise in the local newspapers to promote the teaching services offered by your business.


You also serve some individuals from Mexico who have taken English classes and want to come to the U.S. for a one-week intense course in which they can improve and practice their English and practice it.


All revenue and expenses associated with your business are denominated in Mexican pesos. Most of the profits from the business in Mexico are sent to you by your subsidiary at the end of each month. While your expenses are somewhat stable, your revenue varies with the number of clients who sign up for the English-speaking courses in Mexico.


You only need to know this background so that you can answer the related questions that are asked about your business. Answer each question as if you were serving on the board of your business or as a manager of the business.




Question 1

Assume that you wanted to expand your Learning English business to other non-U.S. countries where some individuals may want to speak English.

a.    Explain why you might be able to stabilize the profits of your total business in this manner. Review the motives for direct foreign investment that are identified in this chapter. Which of these motives are most important?

b.   Why would a city such as Montreal be a less desirable site for your business than a city such as Mexico City?

c.   Describe the conditions in which your total business would experience weak effects even if the business was spread across 3 or 4 countries.

d.   What factors affect the probability of these conditions occurring? (In other words, explain why the conditions could occur in one set of countries, but not another set of countries).


e.   What data would you review to assess the probability of these conditions occurring?

f.    Consider that the prevailing service you offer is teaching individuals in Mexico to speak English, and your business has already created some supplemental pamphlets and CDs that translate common Spanish terms into English. How could you expand your business in a manner that may allow you to benefit from economies of scale (and perhaps even benefit from your existing business reputation)? When you attempt to benefit from economies of scale, do you forgo diversification benefits? Explain.

g.   How would you come to a decision on whether to pursue business expansion that capitalizes on economies of scale even if it would forgo diversification benefits? Do you think economies of scale would be more important or less important than diversification for your business?

h.   Is there any way to achieve economies of scale and yet still achieve diversification benefits?

Question 2

a.   Review the different items that are used in the multinational capital budgeting example (Spartan Inc.). Describe the items that would be included on a spreadsheet if you were to conduct a multinational capital budgeting analysis of investing dollars to expand your existing language business in a different location.

b.    Assume that you recognize your limitations in predicting the future exchange rate of the invoice currency for your expanded business. You think that there are several possible exchange rate scenarios, each with equal probability of occurrence. Explain how you could use this information to estimate the future NPV and make a decision about whether to accept or reject the project.

c.  Now assume that there is also much uncertainty about the demand for your service by individuals. Explain how you can attempt to incorporate this uncertainty along with the uncertainty of exchange rate movements so that you can make a decision about whether to accept or reject the project.


d. Explain how you would derive a required rate of return for your capital budgeting analysis. What type of information would you use to derive the required rate of return?

Category: Finance

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